MBBS / PG Abroad
Follwing are your questions:
Arteries are best defined as the vessels which
Supply oxygenated blood to the different organs
Carry blood away from the heart to different organs
Break up into capillaries which reunite to form a vein
Carry blood from one visceral organ to another visceral organ.
Select the correct statement
The juxta medullary nephrons have reduced Henle’s loop
Vasa recta is well developed in cortical nephrons
The PCT and DCT are situated in the medulla of the kidney
The ascending limb of the Henle’s loop extends as the DCT
ADH deficiency shows the following condition
Loop of Henle
When 2 to 3 drops of Benedict’s reagent are added to a urine sample and heated gently, it turns yellow. This colour change indicates that
Urine contains 2% glucose
Urine contains 0.5% glucose
Urine contains 1.5% glucose
Urine contains 1% glucose
Which one of the following is not a part of a renal pyramid?
Loop of Henle
Inner lining of the kidney has
Left auricle receives pure blood from the
Superior vena cava
Inferior vena cava
In a typical heart, if EDV is 120ml of blood and ESV is 50ml of blood, the stroke volumn (SV) is
In 24 hours, total glomerular filtrate formed in human kidney is
Increase in blood pressure is due to
The name of the pacemaker of the heart is
Which one of the following statements is correct regarding blood pressure?
130/90 mm Hg is considered high and requires treatment
100/55 mm Hg is considered an ideal blood pressure
105/50 mm Hg makes one very active
190/110 mm Hg may harm vital organs like brain and kidney.
Which of the following correctly explains the function of a specific part of the human nephron?
Podocytes: create minute spaces (slit pores) for the filtration of blood into the Bowman’s capsule.
Henle’s loop: most reabsorption of the major substances from the glomerular filtrate.
Distal convoluted tubule: reabsorption of K+ ions into the surrounding blood capillaries.
Afferent arteriole: carries the blood away from the glomerulus towards renal vein.
Cardiac muscle is found in
all of these
Effective filtration pressure in glomerulus is caused due to
Powerful pumping action of the heart
Secretion of adrenaline
Afferent arteriole is slightly larger than efferent arteriole
Vacuum develops in proximal convoluted tubule and sucks the blood
Uricotelic mode of excreting nitrogenous wastes is found in
Reptiles and Birds
Birds and Annelids
Amphibians and Reptiles
Insects and Amphibians
As per the guidelines of the Indian Red Cross Society, which of the following persons is recommended for blood donation?
People not in good health, under the influence of alcohol or drugs
Ladies during menstruation, pregnancy and breast feeding
Healthy women but unwed and below the age of 35
Persons who are immunized with live vaccines.
Which one of the following statements is correct with respect to kidney function regulation?
When someone drinks lot of water, ADH release is suppressed
Exposure to cold temperature stimulates ADH release
An increase in glomerular blood flow stimulates formation of angiotensin II
During summer when body loses lot of water by evaporation the release of ADH is suppressed
Which one of the following plasma proteins is involved in the coagulation of blood?
Bunduls of His’ is a part of which one of the following organs in humans?